In one of the most important speeches in recent years, President Barack Obama made an announcement that he plans on using executive actions on the issue of immigration reform. The announcement came during his nationally televised address that took place in the White House on Thursday, 20th of November 2014. In it, the President presented his plan on the relaxation of the immigration policy enforced by the US which will directly affect up to 5 million people in the country. He also announced that he will sign more than one executive orders which will have the power to allow undocumented immigrants to stay in the U.S. without fearing the possibility of deportation. With that in mind, what are the Pro’s and Con’s to Obama’s Amnesty Executive Action?

The impact of the executive orders will be mostly felt by parents and generally young undocumented immigrants. A big pro for the decision lies in the long term and the decades to come. Because of this decision, a lot more people who are willing to work for a better life in the U.S. will have a chance of finding better jobs. At the same time, the younger ones will be able to receive a better education. All this means that those persons will receive a better chance when it comes to their social mobility.

As the American history shows, dating back to the early 19th century, the entire country can benefit from the influx of a young population willing to both work and study for a better life. They can then become the engine that drives forth broader benefits, like new job opportunities, which will be felt by the rest of the U.S. population.

Unfortunately, in the immediate future the President’s executive action brings many potential problems that will arise. Republican leaders are furious about this measure, and have publicly shown a readiness to oppose it. Although currently there is no unified response from the GOP, many of them plan on different measures to fight the President. These include calls for from blocking any new laws in Congress and even a government shutdown like the one seen few years ago in Washington, DC. Whatever they might be, it is most likely that the American people will feel their impact on their everyday lives. Also, some out of those 5 million will surely try to use the system to their advantage and try to turn it into a path to citizenship.

In spite of this, President Barack Obama looks set to signs these orders, which will go into effect staring on 1st of January 2015. Although it will not grant any legal status, the executive orders would allow these immigrants to receive work permits and help them avoid deportation. Until the more certain success of this decision can be seen, the U.S. will have to prepare for the political backlash that will definitely come from the Republican side.